Serviceberry, encompassing various species in the Amelanchier genus, is a versatile and ornamental group of deciduous trees and shrubs native to North America. Known for their delicate white flowers and flavorful berries, they are highly valued in landscaping and naturalized settings. It thrives in well-drained soils, making it adaptable to a variety of habitats.
The small, edible berries are initially red, turning purplish-black when fully ripe.
Flowers: J F M A M J J A S O N D
Origin: This plant is native to North America, with different species found across the continent, from Canada to Mexico.
Size: Can range from small shrubs of 3 to 6 feet (0.9 to 1.8 meters) to trees that grow up to 25 feet (7.6 meters) tall
Sun: Thrives in full sun to partial shade. It prefers at least 4-6 hours of direct sunlight daily.
Watering: Regular watering is important, especially during dry spells, particularly for young plants.
Growth Rate: Varies
Soil: Well-drained, moderately fertile soil is ideal. However, many species are adaptable to different soil types.
Pruning: Minimal pruning is typically required. Remove dead or damaged branches in late winter or early spring.
Disease and Pests:
Uses: The flavorful berries are a valuable food source for wildlife and can also be used in jams, pies, and other culinary creations. Serviceberry provides food and shelter for birds, butterflies, and other wildlife.
Notes: Species include: Common Serviceberry (Amelanchier arborea), Common Serviceberry (Amelanchier arborea var. arborea), Canadian Serviceberry (Amelanchier canadensis), Oblongfruit Serviceberry (Amelanchier bartramiana), Low Serviceberry (Amelanchier humilis), Intermediate Serviceberry (Amelanchier ×intermedia), Allegheny Serviceberry (Amelanchier laevis), Coastal Serviceberry (Amelanchier obovalis), Neglected Serviceberry (Amelanchier ×neglecta), Roundleaf Serviceberry (Amelanchier sanguinea)
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