Plums, Cherries and Allies

Prunus spp.

Prunus species encompass a diverse group of deciduous trees and shrubs that include cherries, plums, and apricots. Known for their beautiful blossoms, flavorful fruits, and in some cases, ornamental bark, they are cherished additions to orchards and landscapes. They thrive in temperate climates with distinct seasons.

Flowers: J F M A M J J A S O N D
Origin: Some species are native to North America, while others originate from Europe, Asia, and other continents.
Family: Rosaceae (Rose family)
Size: The height of Prunus species varies widely, with some reaching as low as 8 feet (2.4 meters) and others growing up to 30 feet (9 meters) or more.
Sun: Generally prefer full sun, although some varieties can tolerate light shade.
Watering: Regular watering is crucial, especially during dry spells or during fruit development.
Growth Rate:
Soil: Well-drained, moderately fertile soil is ideal. Amending with organic matter can enhance soil quality.
Pruning: rune in late winter or early spring to remove dead or diseased branches and to shape the tree for optimal growth.
Disease and Pests:
Uses: Many Prunus species produce delicious fruits that can be eaten fresh, used in cooking, or preserved. The fruit of some species provides food for birds, while the trees offer shelter and nesting sites.
Notes: Some species include Allegheny Plum (Prunus alleghaniensis), American Wild Plum (Prunus americana), Chickasaw Plum (Prunus angustifolia), Beach Plum (Prunus maritima), Pin Cherry (Prunus pensylvanica), Sand Cherry (Prunus pumila), Black Cherry (Prunus serotina), Appalachian Sandcherry (Prunus susquehanae) and Chokeberry (Prunus virginiana)


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