Quercus spp

Oak trees of the desert Sonoran region are partially deciduous, dropping some leaves in spring and early summer. Desert oak trees also differ from their relatives in northern climates by having relatively small leaves (a trait called microphylly).

There are 8-12 species of oaks in Arizona, typically growing in biomes from 4500 to 7000 ft. The four most common are Emory, Silverleaf, Shrub Live and the Arizona White oak. Less common are the Canyon Live oak , Net-leaf oak , Wavy-leaf oak, Gambel oak (the only winter deciduous oak), and Dunn oak (also called the Palmer oak)

Flowers: J F M A M J J A S O N D
Status: Native
Origin: Grasslands and mountains from 4500′ – 7000′
Family: Beech Family
Size: Arizona White (60′), Emory (50′), Silverleaf (30′), Shrub Live (8′)
Sun: Full sun to part shade
Watering: Low
Growth Rate:
Soil: Rocky and sandy soils. Clay Loam, Clay, Medium Loam, Rocky
Disease and Pests:
Uses: Nuts for birds and mammals, bird nest habitat, Oaks are a keystone species and host for 208 caterpillar species
Notes: Includes Arizona White Oak, Canyon Live Oak, Belota, Gambel’s Oak, Gray Oak, Silverleaf Oak, Chinquapin Oak, Mexican Blue Oak, Dunn’s Oak, Sandpaper Oak, Netleaf Oak, Tourmey Oak, Scrub Oak


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