Gallberry, scientifically known as Ilex glabra, is an evergreen shrub native to the southeastern United States. Recognized for its glossy, dark green leaves and small, waxy berries, it is a valuable addition to landscapes and naturalized areas. It thrives in damp, acidic soils, making it well-suited for swamps, bogs, and coastal regions.
Flowers: J F M A M J J A S O N D
Origin: This shrub is native to the southeastern United States, ranging from Virginia to Florida and westward to Texas.
Family: Aquifoliaceae (Holly family)
Size: 6′-12′ with a similar spread.
Sun: Part shade
Watering: Regular watering, especially during dry spells, is crucial for establishing young plants.
Soil: Moist, wet
Pruning: Minimal pruning is typically required. Remove dead or damaged branches as needed.
Disease and Pests:
Uses: The berries of Gallberry are a valuable food source for various bird species, including quail and songbirds. Its dense root system makes it effective in stabilizing soil, making it a suitable choice for erosion-prone areas. Special value to Honey Bees.
Notes: No spines on the leaves. There must be a male and female plant for berries. All Ilex species may be somewhat toxic if ingested.
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