Ilex glabra

Gallberry, scientifically known as Ilex glabra, is an evergreen shrub native to the southeastern United States. Recognized for its glossy, dark green leaves and small, waxy berries, it is a valuable addition to landscapes and naturalized areas. It thrives in damp, acidic soils, making it well-suited for swamps, bogs, and coastal regions.

Flowers: J F M A M J J A S O N D
Origin: This shrub is native to the southeastern United States, ranging from Virginia to Florida and westward to Texas.
Family: Aquifoliaceae (Holly family)
Size: 6′-12′ with a similar spread.
Sun: Part shade
Watering: Regular watering, especially during dry spells, is crucial for establishing young plants.
Growth Rate:
Soil: Moist, wet
Pruning: Minimal pruning is typically required. Remove dead or damaged branches as needed.
Disease and Pests:
Uses: The berries of Gallberry are a valuable food source for various bird species, including quail and songbirds. Its dense root system makes it effective in stabilizing soil, making it a suitable choice for erosion-prone areas. Special value to Honey Bees.
Notes: No spines on the leaves. There must be a male and female plant for berries. All Ilex species may be somewhat toxic if ingested.


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