Box Elder

Acer negundo

Box Elder, scientifically known as Acer negundo, is a fast-growing deciduous tree native to North America. Recognized for its compound leaves and distinctive winged seeds, it is a versatile addition to various landscapes.

Flowers: J F M A M J J A S O N D
Origin: This tree is native to North America, with a range spanning from southern Canada to Central Mexico.
Family: Aceraceae
Size: 30′-50′ high, 30′-40′ wide
Sun: Adaptable to a range of light conditions, from full sun to partial shade.
Watering: While it can tolerate periodic dry spells, regular watering during prolonged droughts is beneficial, especially for young trees.
Growth Rate: Fast
Soil: It can grow in a variety of soil types, including sandy, loamy, and clayey soils, but it thrives in moist, well-drained conditions.
USDA Hardiness Zones: 3-8
Pruning: Pruning should be minimal. Remove dead or damaged branches in late winter or early spring.
Disease and Pests: Boxelder bug
Uses: With its spreading canopy, Box Elder offers ample shade, making it a popular choice for yards and parks. The seeds are a food source for various bird species, and the tree provides shelter for birds and small mammals. Larval host for the Cecropia silk moth.
Notes: Younger trees have smooth, greenish-gray bark that gradually becomes rougher and more furrowed with age. Short-lived and easily broken in storms. Flowers insignificant. Male and female borne on separate trees.


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